Finding yourself tossing and turning, and unable to sleep at night? This may be due to stress hormones produced by your adrenal gland.

Stress is common, but experiencing frequent moments of stress might affect your long-term health. It will impact both your physical and mental health, stimulating fatigue, insomnia and mood swings.

Stress hormones, such as cortisol and adrenaline, make you feel more alert while focusing on redirecting nutrients from other body parts towards internal organs in order to get you ready to respond in a potential fight or flight situation. They also affect the absorption of nutrients in your intestine and the functioning of the digestive system, resulting in constipation or diarrhoea.

If your body triggers a stress reaction releasing cortisol and adrenaline at bedtime, you’re going to find it difficult to sleep. Also, if your cortisol levels are erratic through the day, it exhausts your adrenal glands, which in turn cause hormonal imbalances resulting in sleep deprivation.

Sleep deprivation makes it difficult to concentrate and causes irritability and mood swings, as well as difficulty in processing emotions. If you’re finding it difficult to cope with your emotions, you will feel increasingly anxious and worried, which will trigger the release of stress hormones. This forms a cycle where stress begets sleep deprivation and sleep deprivation begets stress.

Talk to your family member or friend about your problem. It might not solve your problem but at least it gives you a chance to get it off your chest. It might even offer a new perspective to the issue, suggesting you an alternative approach.

Exercising outdoors is a great way of boosting your mood and regulating your sleep patterns. Spending time in the outdoors has a lot of health benefits too. Spending time surrounded by nature lowers your cortisol levels, making you more relaxed and calm.

Practice meditation. It improves your concentration and reduces your stress levels. It helps you to focus your full attention on your breath, allowing you to observe your own thoughts. It is easy and doesn’t have to be time-consuming.

To overcome stress and prevent it from ruining your sleep patterns, follow the above-mentioned steps for a good night’s sleep.