We have all heard never-ending theories and advice when it comes to cholesterol. Here is a simple guide to everything you need to know about cholesterol.
- It is a fatty acid-like substance present in your body cells.
- Plays a major role in cardiovascular diseases, heatstroke, blood pressure, and diabetes.
- Cholesterol is vital for 3 elements – Hormones, food digestion and Vitamin D in the body.
- Though the body makes enough Cholesterol, a lot of it additionally enters our body due to our diet.
- Lipo proteins are the carriers responsible for transporting Cholesterol through our body.
- There are essentially two types of lip proteins – Low-density lipoprotein (LDL) and High-density lipoprotein (HDL).
Since the two make up your cholesterol count, here is what you must know about LDL and HDL.
- LDL is bad cholesterol and HDL is good cholesterol.
- While LDL is responsible for blocks in the arteries and heart strokes, HDL helps remove bad cholesterol from the arteries.
- Your LDL level should never be more than 190. A high LDL level makes you more prone to heart diseases.
- At the same time, your HDL level should always be high – it means a lesser risk of heart attacks and helps to carry LDL to the liver, where it’s broken down.
Now, let’s move on to healthy lifestyle changes you need to implement right away, to control cholesterol levels.
- Avoid food that is high in saturated fat i.e food from animals like mean, egg yolks, milk, butter, etc.
- Trans fat also should not be part of your diet, i.e. fried food items like chips, crackers, and even cookies,
- Your health will automatically improve with the intake of nuts, fish, fruits, oats, lentils, and vegetables. All these keep LDL levels low and helps in cardiovascular conditions.
- Exercising regularly is an indicator of better cholesterol levels and you also fight over-weight issues which usually cause lower HDL levels.
- You are likely to develop cholesterol if it runs in the family.
- Kidney and liver disease might also contribute to cholesterol levels.
- After the age of 20, Cholesterol levels automatically rise.
- Check your blood pressure regularly
Did you know? ‘Cholesterol-free’ labeled foods do not mean they have less of it or they have removed it, they are basically made up of plant-based food that contains no cholesterol at all.