Factors that cause acne and ways to avoid it

Acne is annoying no matter what age it occurs. There are plenty of old wives’ tales about the causes of acne, like eating too much greasy food, or not maintaining the skin clean. Push aside these false theories and read on to know some real causes of acne and the ways to avoid them before they take a toll on your skin.

Traffic jam

As you wait for several minutes in the polluted traffic jam, your body holds on to toxins, which lead to acne flare-ups. 

Solution: It is vital to get your skin covered up fully as you head out and freshen up as soon as you’re back home. Also, the intake of certain foods can help in flushing out these toxins.

Hair and hair products

Hairstyling products are a major cause of acne breakouts along the hairline and forehead. They seep oil onto the forehead, trapping acne-causing bacteria onto your pores. These clogged pores become inflamed, leading to the formation of acne. 

Solution: Try to keep your scalp clean and avoid products that are known to worsen the acne.

Mobile phones

Your mobile phone is crawling with bacteria and is pressed against your face almost all the time, passing on the acne-causing factors to your face. 

Solution: Clean your phone once a while to avoid spreading bacteria to your skin.

Your bed and pillow

The one place where we don’t realize that bacteria lurks is our own bed and pillow. It is where we shed our skin cells every day, thus leaving behind bacteria.

Solution: Clean your fluffy pillow and bed from time to time to avoid the encounter of acne breakouts.

Summing up

Acne can be problematic at times, but it is just a reflection of what’s going on inside your body. A healthy diet, combined with a low-stress lifestyle, goes a long way in preventing breakouts and maintaining glowing skin.

If the acne does not resolve even after following all these steps, it is advised to seek the help of skincare professionals to treat it at the earliest for better results.

Acne face map: What your acne says about you

Several people attribute acne to hormonal imbalances or clogged pores, but they forget that they are an indication of underlying health issues at times. Acne face mapping is a method that examines the location of acne occurrence on the face to determine health problems. It is not an exact science, but it can tell a little about your health.

Flawless skin comes from not only taking care of what you put on your skin but also how you take care of your health. Here is your guide to using an acne face map to decode what your breakouts are telling about your health.

Forehead: Unhealthy diet and stress

Acne breakouts on the forehead are often caused due to stress and poor digestive issues. It can also be attributed to hats and hair that sticks to the forehead.

Solution: Drinking plenty of water, sleeping at least seven hours a day, eating a healthy diet, and minimizing the friction of hair and other things on the forehead help to reduce acne.

Cheeks: Cell phone and pillowcase

Acne near the top of the cheek might indicate respiratory problems, whereas lower cheek acne is associated with poor dental hygiene and surface bacteria.

Solution: Maintain clean air at home and clean items that come into contact with the cheek, such as your mobile phones, pillowcases, and makeup brushes.

T-zone: Fast foods and dairy products

Acne located in the T-zone, i.e., the area between the eyebrows down to the nose and chin is caused by food allergens or gastrointestinal imbalances.

Solution: Reduce the consumption of dairy products, red meat, and fast food, and intake more leafy vegetables to improve your T-zone complexion.

Chin: Hormones

Breakouts in the chin are linked to hormonal imbalances.

Solution: Opt for a regular sleeping schedule and a balanced diet, and intake nutrient supplements for tackling chin acne.

We hope the article has helped you to figure out the reasons for your acne breakouts, along with giving you solutions to take care of it. Cheers to the beginning of a healthy lifestyle and flawless skin!

The best skincare tips for dry skin

Suffering from dry skin? Then you are in the right place. We have some wonderful tips here to help you overcome this troublesome issue, especially in the winter season. Among the wide variety of causes, few major reasons are due to hereditary, medication and exposure to pollution. The following tips would be very helpful for you to bypass this issue and lead a dry skin free life. Remember, dedication is the key.

Warm shower

If you are a fan of a hot shower, it’s time to think about the drawbacks of it. I am sure a soothing hot shower in winter is a go-to relaxation. However, would you believe, if that very soothing hot shower is also one of the reasons for your dry skin problem? Yes, it is. Hot showers will strip your body of its natural oil barriers and these barriers help trap moisture to keep your skin smooth and moist. So, next time when you want to have a hot shower, just remember to dial down the temperature.

Cleanse gently

It is imperative that you handle your cleansing habits very carefully. Avoid using artificial products or products which highly concentrates on chemical-based cleansing. Choose your cleansing products wisely by reading through the product description and validating the content. It is best to consult your dermatologist to help choose you a suitable cleanser. Avoid rubbing your skin hard and be sure to be gentle during the cleansing process.

Shave smartly

Shaving causes irritation which then leads to dry skin as you are stripping your skin of the hair which acts as a barrier to hold the moisture within. You can still protect your skin’s natural oils while you remove unwanted hair. Use shaving gel or cream and make sure to shave along the direction of your hair growth to protect your skin.

Use a non-alcoholic toner

There are wide varieties of alcohol-free toners available in the market. Using a toner with alcohol content gets stuck in the skin pores which leads to skin inflammation. It is recommended to limit the usage of toners for people with dry skin.

Go for sunblocks

Sun damage is one of the main causes of dry skin and wrinkles. Using sunblocks or sunscreens that are rich in SPF 15 and SPF 30 will protect your skin against the sun. To prevent dry, chapped lips in winter, use a lip balm and cover your lips and face with a scarf or a hat.

Always remember

While there are multiple home remedies and products that act as a solution to your skin problems, it is always best to consult your dermatologists and follow their instructions.

How to figure out your skin type

The most important and first step of skincare is knowing and understanding your skin type and how it adapts to certain circumstances or seasons. Your skin is the largest organ of your body, as complex as your heart and as vital as you.

Here is how you can find your skin type:

Dry Skin:
Dry skin feels tight throughout the day and may experience flaking. Dry skin is largely due to genetics and dehydration can also be one of the reasons. So, drinking a lot of water and avoiding alcohol and caffeine can make a huge difference to your skin.

Normal/Combination skin:
People with normal/combination skin experience dryness on the cheeks, making it important to find the right moisturizer that will be substantial enough to retain moisture. Those who have normal skin are not prone to cheek breakouts and have a well- moisturized t-zone.

Oily skin:
If your skin always has a glow and has excessive grease formation, then your skin type is oily. Excess oil can often leave pores clogged and congested. But oily skin looks younger because of the natural supply of moisture and is less prone to wrinkles. High oil production will cause the pores to get blocked leading to acne formation.

Sensitive Skin:
If you need considerable time and effort to determine which products don’t cause inflammation and irritation to your skin, then your skin type is sensitive. This type of skin is very tricky to maintain. Since it is very sensitive, even the small problems might trigger an allergic reaction. Special cosmetics are made especially for this skin type to avoid inflammation.

Bottom line
Our skin needs constant care as we grow old, and taking steps to identify its type and the care it needs is essential. By knowing your skin type, you can understand your skin better to provide the nutrition and treatments it needs.

6 natural remedies to get rid of dark spots

Skin is the largest organ of the human body and skin conditions are one of the most common issues that worry us and make us seek medical attention. According to recent studies, one of the most common skin conditions is dark spots. They can occur in any stage of our lives but can be easily cured by following the correct remedies.

Here are a few common remedies used to reduce dark spots:

Potato: Potato is considered one of the best remedies for dark spots and skin blemishes. You can either apply potato juice or thin slices of freshly cut potato onto the affected area. Let it sit there for a few minutes, then rinse your skin with water. This is a tried and trusted method.

Aloe Vera: Aloe Vera is well known for its anti-aging and skin-nourishing properties, but its chemical properties make it an amazing remedy for dark spots. Cut an Aloe Vera leaf and rub it on your skin, leave it to dry and rinse with water smoothly. If you follow this continuously for five to six times, the dark spots will reduce enormously.

Orange Peel: Orange is a citrus fruit and contains large amounts of Vitamin C which makes it a perfect remedy for dark spots and many other skin conditions. Make a facial mask with 1 tablespoon of orange peel powder and 3 tablespoons of milk and apply the mask for a duration of 10-15 minutes and rinse with water.

Lemon: Lemon is also a citrus fruit and is well known for its strong whitening properties and dark spot reduction. Take a fresh lemon and cut and extract its juice, apply the juice gently on to the affected area with a cotton pad. Let the juice dry and then rinse it off with cold water. You can also add lemon juice with honey and prepare a facial mask that will help nourish the affected area and increase the tone of your skin.

Coconut Oil: Coconuts oil is of the most effective remedy for dark spots. Take one tablespoon of coconut oil and apply and exfoliate the affected area. Vitamins in the coconut oil reduce your dark spots, thanks to its antibacterial and moisturizing properties. It is highly advisable to go for cold-pressed oil as it contains high number of vitamins.

Pineapple: The tropical fruit Pineapple also offers a highly effective skin whitening remedy. Apply a fresh pineapple juice gently onto the affected area, let it dry and rinse with water after 5 minutes. You can also use fresh thin slices of pineapple on the affected area, but the juice easily reaches all the areas.

Conclusion

Sun exposure is one of the main causes of dark spots on your skin. Avoid spending a long time outside during sunny weather and high temperatures. Always apply sunblock and sunscreens that are SPF 50 rich to protect your skin against the sun.

Unmasking the causes and treatments of melasma

Melasma is a very common pigmentary disorder that usually affects a woman during the reproductive age, though in some cases it can affect men as well. This disorder mainly causes brown to gray-brown patches on the face, especially on the cheeks, bridge of the nose, forehead, chin and above the upper lip. It can also appear on forearms and neck i.e., areas that are often exposed to the sun.

Causes

The causes of this skin condition have not been fully understood. But it may be due to the excess production of melanin from the melanocyte cells on the skin. Other than these, the common triggers of Melasma are

Hormonal imbalance: Hormonal imbalance caused during pregnancy or due to the ingestion of birth control and hormone blocker medication.
Sun exposure: Melasma can be caused or worsened by exposure to the harmful sun rays, heat and visible light.
Chemicals: Exposure to certain chemicals found in sunscreens, cosmetics and other skincare products results in melasma.
Skin Inflammation: High levels of heat or harsh exfoliation from lasers cause skin inflammation to protect and repair the damaged skin, resulting in increased production of melanin that causes melasma.

Prevention and Treatment

Melasma is caused when our skin goes in protection mode. It does not have any major side effects. The options available for the treatment of Melasma are

Use sunscreen: Use a strict sunscreen regimen. To avoid the occurrence of melasma, use a non-chemical sunblock that is rich in SPF 50 and stay away from highly polluted places.
Vitamins, Hat and Sunglasses: Dab on a few drops of serum that contains vitamins C and E to improve skin health and ward off the harmful effects of sun exposure. Use a hat and sunglasses to limit sun exposure.
Topical treatments: Your dermatologist may prescribe steroid-free topical treatments and topical skin lightening agents such as azelaic acid/kojic acid to help lighten melasma.
Medical Procedures: If the lotions and other medications do not work, a dermatologist will recommend procedures such as microdermabrasion, chemical peels, laser treatment, light therapy, etc.

Conclusion

Melasma is common during several trimesters of pregnancy, so there is no need to panic if you see affected dark skin on your face. Melasma and the above-discussed remedies do not cause any harm to the baby.

5 Makeup mistakes that everyone should avoid

Makeup nowadays is considered a genuine art form. With one small mistake, your whole appearance can be ruined. Like many things in life, constant practice is something that makes us perfect. It usually takes people years of experimentation and most of their twenties to find the right combination. Even after that things can go wrong with a single mistake.

Here are 5 makeup mistakes that one should avoid:

Over cleansing: Cleansing or washing is the first and the most important step in makeup. Skin types differ from person to person. With age, our skin undergoes many changes. But once you apply foundation and notice dry skin, it is a sign that you are over washing your face. By over washing your face, you are wiping out the natural oil that is formed with soap. This makes the skin hard and itchy. So, it is ideal to wash your face two times a day.

Wrong blending techniques: Makeup has much more to it than dabbing on a blush and eyeshadow. Even when you apply a skin colour friendly shade, it is going to look out of place, unless it is blended properly. The key to elegant and natural looking makeup lies in mastering the art of blending. Makeup that isn’t properly blended will make you look comical.

Applying makeup on dry skin: Applying makeup on dry skin is considered a crime in the world of fashion. This makes your face look dull, cracked and tired. A good makeup requires a strong foundation, which is a properly moisturized face.

Too much glitter: Shimmery eyeshadows are very attractive, when used the right way and right amount. But, when you use them over the whole/entire eyelid, they can look extremely shiny and immature. So, it is good to use normal eyeshadows or eyeshadows that are a few shades darker than your skin tone.

Tacky lipstick colour: A lipstick shade can make or break any look. Stick to colours that go with your skin tone. Dark shades can look tacky and out of place. It also makes you look older than your age. If you are wearing a dark lipstick, make sure that the makeup you apply is light.

Makeup can have a huge impact on how you present yourself in public. So, follow the right instruction and learn and master the right techniques.

5 things to try when acne won’t clear

Many people feel that they tried almost every way to get rid of their acne but still see acne scars. To get clear skin, you might probably need to make some changes in your skincare routine. The following tips from dermatologists can help you get started, getting you clear skin.

Give it some time:
Don’t change the acne product for every few days. It may seem useful, but there are chances that it can worsen the condition. Using a different product every few days can irritate your skin, causing breakouts. Give an acne treatment at least 4 weeks of time to work. If you notice improvement, continue the treatment. In case of severe acne, the best option is to visit your dermatologist.

Wash your face only when needed:
Wash your face twice a day and when you are sweaty. Acne-prone skin is sensitive. Don’t wash it more than twice a day as it irritates your skin, worsening your acne. For best results, wash your face when you wake up, when you’re ready to go to bed and when it gets sweaty.

Follow directions:
In acne treatment, how long and how often you follow it can make a huge difference. If your dermatologist creates your treatment plan, follow his/her instruction and use everything that is included in the treatment plan. Following only a part of the acne treatment that your dermatologist prescribed can also be the reason that you still have acne.

Don’t scrub, pick or pop:
Stop scrubbing your face and other acne-prone areas. It can irritate your acne-prone skin, worsening it. Also, resist touching, picking, and popping your acne. It may seem like the fastest way to clear it, but it actually makes things even worse.

Seek your dermatologist’s help:
If you still have acne after trying everything on your own, your dermatologist can help you to get rid of your acne. With advanced acne treatments and your dermatologist’s expertise, every case of acne can be cleared. So, stop worrying and start seeking the help of your dermatologist.

5 Tips to get blemish free skin

To say it is hard to live with oily skin is a very big understatement. Fresh by the morning and sticky by the evening- Sounds Familiar? You are not alone, tons of people who have oily skin face the same problem. Dealing with your oily skin can be a slippery slope.
There is nothing more annoying than waking up with blemishes on your face. It throws you off the game. Especially the ones that are deep and hurt like hell. Here are a few tips to obtain blemish-free skin.

Exercise: Regular exercise gets the blood flowing in the blood capillaries under your skin. The sweat formed during exercise pushes the excess oil that has built up. This excess oil build-up is one of the primary causes of acne. A good 15 to 20-minute drill will not only keep you fit but also improve your skin health.

Take hot showers: Wash off any salty sweat and dirt that you’ve built up during the day. This gives your skin a breather – the steam from the hot shower helps in opening your pores. It usually takes steam 5 minutes to work its magic. As the pores open and there is no blockage, the skin is healthy and gets a glow.

Don’t pop your pimples: Popping a pimple might provide temporary relief, but it creates more trouble than you imagine. By popping your pimple, you not only introduce more bacteria into your skin. But also run the risk of damaging your facial capillaries and create deep acne scars. So, have your pimples removed professionally to avoid further damage.

Yogurt Mask: Yogurt contains high amounts of lactic acid that act as an exfoliant. It prevents further acne breakouts that might easily leave scars and blemishes behind. This mask can be made using two tablespoons of plain yogurt, a pinch of turmeric and half a spoon of gram flour. Apply the mask overnight 2-3 times a week to avoid blemishes.

Baking Soda mixture: Blemishes are mostly caused due to change in pH and inflammation of the skin. Baking soda neutralizes the pH levels of the skin and scrubs away the dead cells. This mixture can be prepared easily using one teaspoon of baking soda and olive oil as the base. After multiple scrubs, the dead skin in the blemish area will be cleared out.

Bottom line:

Pollution is increasing every day, causing the formation of dead cells which leads to blemishes. But by following these simple tips, you can keep your skin blemish free and healthy.

5 Beauty tips for oily skin

To say it is hard to live with oily skin is a very big understatement. Fresh by the morning and sticky by the evening- Sounds Familiar? You are not alone, tons of people who have oily skin face the same problem. Dealing with your oily skin can be a slippery slope.

Here are a few beauty tips for people with oily skin that help them to stand out from the crowd:

Face Masks: Face masks are considered one of the best solutions for oily skin. A weekly face mask with materials like Kaolin and Bentonite clay or Fuller’s Earth (Multani mitti) will reduce the secretion of oil from glands.

Don’t skip moisturizer: Contrary to popular belief, oily skin requires regular moisturization. Stripping skin of moisture will encourage the glands to secrete more oil. By continuous moisturization, the secretion of oil is controlled.

Always wear sunscreen: Formation of excessive greasiness prompts us to avoid the usage of sunscreen. Which results in brown spots, pigmentation and freckles. So, it is good to use a gel-based sunscreen to protect the integrity of the skin and to keep away the formation of grease.

Spirit-free toner: Toning everyday helps with the elimination of excess oil. Regular toning will stop the formation of blocks in the skin pores. Toners that use rosewater instead of alcohol as a base is a good skin care routine for oily skin.

Olive Oil: Yes! You read that right, olive oil is considered a good cure for oily skin. Olive oil has a high level of antioxidants which help repair the damaged skin and stop oil formation in the pores. A gentle massage with a tablespoon of olive oil every day will help in a huge way.

By following these tips on a regular basis, you can deal with your oily skin with ease.

How to choose moisturizer for acne-prone skin

Acne is a self-diagnosable skin condition that occurs when your hair follicles get clogged with oil and dead skin cells causing blackheads, whiteheads and pimples. These usually appear in the face and forehead region and sometime on the chest and shoulders too. This can be avoided by simply maintaining the moisture levels of your face.

Moisturizing creams are cosmetic preparations used for protection, lubrication and moisturization of the skin. These functions are generally performed by a substance called sebum. All the moisturizing creams contain an ingredient called White Petrolatum which plays a major part in maintaining the moisture levels in the skin.

Every skin type needs moisturizing and oily, acne-prone skin is never an exception. Oily and acne-prone skin needs moisturizing to keep the skin barrier intact and avoid stickiness.

Choosing the perfect moisturizer for an oil-free and acne-prone skin can be very tricky. So, here are a few tips you can consider while choosing moisturizer for acne-prone skin.

Types of moisturizers

Based on skin types, moisturizers are majorly divided into
– Lightweight
– Fragrance-free
– Soothing

People with acne-prone and oily skin are advised to use lightweight moisturizers. Lightweight moisturizers are oil-free and manufactured in a non-comedogenic way especially for users who have acne-prone skin.

Since they do not contain oil and comedogenic material, these moisturizers don’t block hair follicles, and with your skin moisturized, there is no possibility of oil formation.

Lightweight moisturizers usually contain high amounts of SPF 15 and, as prior mentioned, are oil-free and non-comedogenic. These moisturizers help maintain skin barrier and the SPF 15 provides protection against the sun.

The moisturizer must be applied gently on your face using your fingers all over your face and let it set. Cosmetics in the product helps your skin maintain its integrity.

Bottom Line
Acne is commonly caused due to oil blockage. Moisturizers are used to prevent the formation of these blockages.