There are noticeable changes when a baby has a dry skin:

White scales that peel at the edge of the skin.
Roughness and scaly like texture on the skin.
Flakiness when the skin is rubbed.
Obvious dry red patches.

How To Prevent Dry Skin In Babies?

Prevention of dry skin is easy, and all you need to do is to follow some simple steps.

Limit bath time: Spending too much time for a bath, especially in hot water, can wash away natural skin oils, leading the skin to dryness. If the baby loves playing in the tub, then let him in the tub with minimal water and top the tub with water just before bath.

Avoid harsh soaps: Avoid soaps as they contain alcohol and artificial fragrance, drying the baby skin quickly. Instead, choose syndets over soaps that are specially designed for the baby skin. They have a skin-friendly pH, gently cleansing without harming the protective layer of the baby skin.

Use moisturizing lotions after bathing: Moisturize the baby’s entire body immediately after the bath. The nourishing agents in the moisturizer form a thin layer on the skin. Using moisturizers is the safest remedy for baby’s dry skin.

Select clothes made of natural fabrics: Natural fabrics such as cotton are gentle on the skin. If the baby has dry skin, then it is important to make him/her wear cotton clothes.

Use baby laundry detergent: Laundry care does protect your baby’s skin. You must wash them in baby laundry detergents. Look for a detergent that is only for the laundries of a baby.

Keep the baby hydrated in summer: Hot weather also causes low humidity. In such conditions, give the baby lots of fluids such as water and breast milk.

Winter weather can be tough on baby’s tender skin. Here are a few tips you can remember and put into action to keep your baby’s skin soft and healthy.

Use comfortable clothing: Dress your baby in breathable layers. Clothe your baby depending on the room temperature, and opt for clothes that fully cover the body of the baby. But make sure, the clothes are not constricting the movement of the baby. Gloves and socks are also recommended.

Massage your baby well: Massaging your baby is highly recommended by doctors. The act of massaging stimulates the blood flow within the body of the baby and increases the sense of well-being, which indirectly boosts the immunity within your baby. It is important to maintain a warm atmosphere when massaging your baby.

Don’t use a lot of products: Applying lotions and creams is fine. But don’t overdo it. In the attempt to keep your baby clean and safe from infection, you might give him/her numerous baths, which further exposes him/her to soaps and shampoos. These rob your little one’s skin from the existing moisture and make it dry. Water baths during winters are fine but opt for using bathing bars only once or twice a week.

Soup in the diet plan: If your baby has reached the age where he/she can start going for solids, winter is the perfect time to introduce him/her to soups. If possible, try including some garlic with the soup, as it is known to be a natural remedy for treating many winter ailments.

Taking care while stepping outdoors: Unless it is freezing outdoors, it is fine to step out of the house once in a while to get some fresh air. Protect your baby from head to toe before taking him/her out. Make sure that your baby’s toes are on the cooler side and the tummy is on the warmer side. This is the ideal way to maintain your baby’s body at the right temperature.

Maintaining personal hygiene: Since parents are the first point of contact for a child it is necessary for you to maintain your personal hygiene as a step towards protecting your baby. Washing your hands and disinfecting them with a sanitizer is recommended before attending to your baby. Inform the visitors and guests to do the same as well.

Caring for a baby’s skin is an important part of being a parent. Your newborn baby may have some skin conditions that seem unusual, and you or your parent’s medical history might be responsible for those skin conditions.

Knowing the family’s medical history is an important step toward safeguarding the health of a child. It also gives an opportunity to talk to the doctor about steps you can take to protect your child from developing such disease in the future.

Atopic diseases are a group of diseases linked by a shared underlying problem with the immune system. It includes atopic dermatitis, allergic rhinitis, asthma, and food allergy. A family history of atopic diseases is a risk factor for children who develop these conditions.

Atopic march refers to the common problem that children who have one of the atopic diseases are at significant risk for developing another at some point during childhood. E.g. about 75% of children with atopic dermatitis will develop allergic rhinitis and more than 50% will develop asthma.

Skin diseases like atopic eczema (a skin condition causing itching, redness, and scaling), contact dermatitis (red, itchy rash due to contact of the substance), vitiligo (loss of skin colour in blotches), and skin cancer are associated with family’s medical history. The risk of childhood eczema is two to three times higher in children with a maternal or paternal history, irrespective of parent’s sex or body region affected.

We can prevent the development of atopic diseases in offspring by avoiding exposure to the allergen during pregnancy and breastfeeding. This can be done by restricting the diet during pregnancy, omitting potentially allergenic foods while breastfeeding, and treating the homes with an acaricide to eliminate house dust mite allergen. However, doing this does not necessarily give complete protection, but will reduce the chances of developing such diseases in children.

Functional and structural skin maturation starts at the moment of delivery and ends in the first year of life. In full-term newborns, this process begins immediately after birth, while in preterm newborns by 2-3 weeks after birth.

During this period, the skin of the infant requires special care as their skin is thin and fragile, and is more susceptible to infections due to poor skin barrier function. Also, it is highly permeable to cream, ointment etc. which may cause toxic or harmful effects. High risk of heat loss and more prone to chemical and thermal damage are other reasons, demanding special care from the parents.

Common skin problems in infants are diaper rash, baby acne or a tiny pimple on the face, eczema or itchy skin rash usually appears on a baby’s forehead, cheeks or scalp, dry skin, prickly heat rash, milia or tiny whiteheads on baby’s face.

Gentle cleansing, adequate hydration, and moisturization preventing friction and damage in body-folds, protection from irritants, and bright sunlight are the main principles of skin care in infants.

Proper skin cleansing helps to keep infant skin free of unwanted irritants, including saliva, nasal secretions, urine, feces, dirt, and microbes. Exposure to such factors for long periods, especially in the diaper region, can lead to discomfort, irritation, infection, and skin breakdown.

As infant skin continues to mature through the first years of life, it is important that skin care products are formulated appropriately. Ideally, products that are used on infants should not interfere with skin surface pH or disturb the skin barrier.

1. Avoid Products With Lots of Chemicals
There are many things that cause eczema outbreaks. However, for a fact that it’s just a little too harsh for children with eczema-prone skin. With that being said, take note of any products you use, and how long after you apply them your child experiences a hint of eczema. Everyday products like soaps, sunscreens and shampoos can be extra drying but also contain chemicals in them that just don’t react well to skin.

2. Use Dye and Fragrance-Free Detergents
Your laundry detergent has an effect on your skin, especially for eczema-prone kids it can definitely be a factor. Swap your detergent with the lovely smell for a fragrance and dye free version. Something that has fewer irritants. If your kids are having non-stop breakouts of eczema, consider taking out all their sheets and laundry and doing a wash in the new detergent to rid from their clothes of any lingering irritants.

3. Keep Nails Trimmed
Consistent scratching can make eczema look and feel worse. Until the inflammation is down, your toddler will want to scratch to relieve the itching on their skin. Keep their nails trimmed so that even if they do scratch, they won’t tear or end up hurting the wounds even more and prolong healing.

4. Coconut Oil
Coconut oil is a great product for eczema because it packs tons of moisture and it has healing properties as well. The best time to apply oil is straight out of the bath, while the skin is still wet. Before drying, liberally apply coconut oil and then pat dry with a towel. This will help bring a lot of relief to the itchiness and will cure the skin in some time.

5. Avoid Heat
Hot environments can cause breakouts, and make your child feel the irritation. On particularly hot days (when the heat almost feels prickly) try and stay indoors to avoid sweating. To further prevent sweating, try and dress your kid in loose clothing that allows good airflow. Only give warm baths. The hot temperature can dry out skin which makes eczema even worse!