Acne Types and Causes

Let’s say you are planning for an important event for so long. You want everything to be perfect from the venue to the way you look on that day. The night before the D day, you have sorted out everything, such as what time to start, how to reach the location, what dress to wear, etc. Finally, the day has arrived, and with loads of excitement, you are looking into the mirror, hoping to see the perfect you. What if you find a little pop on your face? This pop, also popularly known as a pimple or acne, can spoil your mood and make you feel like canceling the entire plan. This little monster can cause jitters more than a horror movie.

Acne is not a teenage problem alone. From tiny zits to scarring cysts, acne can affect anyone irrespective of age and gender. We all wish for clear skin without acne or acne marks. So what causes acne? Before we explore the causes of acne, we should be able to differentiate the different types of acne.

  • When they appear as small, congested pores, they are known as comedones, also known as blackheads or whiteheads.
  • When they are tender red bumps, they are known as papules.
  • When they are tender, red, or with a yellow tinge, pus-filled, they are known as pustules.
  • The nodule is a severe type of acne. They are large, hard bumps under the skin’s surface. Scarring is common.
  • The cyst is the most severe form. It appears similar to a nodule but is pus-filled. It can be painful, and scarring is common.


Let’s move on to the major causes of Acne:

  • Hyperkeratinization (increased production of skin cells called Keratin)
  • Excess Sebum/oil production by oil glands called Sebaceous glands
  • Increased multiplication of bacteria called P. acnes.
  • Hormonal Imbalance
  • Inflammation

Know about your hair

Irrespective of the length of the hair, everyone wants healthy hair which doesn’t shed at all.

A few hair strands on the comb after combing can cause mild heart attack to anyone. We spend hours in front of the mirror thinking “Am I going bald?”, “What is causing hair fall?”, “What is the right thing to do to stop hair fall?” We are ready to try every possible way from home remedies to over the counter medicines to stop hair fall.

But wait! Let’s take a pause here and think. Do we really know about our hair? What is it made of? How does growth happen? Why do hair strands fall?

Let’s talk about hair. Shall we?

The Hair Mechanism

What appears to be a thin strand has a whole mechanism happening inside. It is so true that we should not judge something by its appearance.

Manufacturing Unit

The hair manufacturing unit consists of 3 parts – Hair follicle, sebaceous gland, dermal papilla.  The hair follicle is a pouch-shaped structure inside which the entire hair machinery functions.  The sebaceous gland is an oil secreting gland that provides enough moisture and lustrous shine to the hair. Derma papilla is the gateway for all the hair growth ingredients such as blood vessels, amino acids, vitamins, minerals, etc.


The main hair ingredients which are responsible for the health and growth of the hair strands are keratin, melanin, water, minerals, and vitamins.

Keratin is a protein component that is also present in our skin and nails. It is resistant to wear and tear and it is one of the main ingredients which determine the health of the hair. Melanin is a pigment that determines the color of the hair (black, blonde, brunette). Hair is made of 10-13% of water. Minerals are the chemical elements required for hair growth and vitamins are the organic components required for healthy hair growth.

‘You are what you eat’ holds perfect when it comes to hair. Drinking more water, eating vitamin and mineral-rich foods can promote hair growth and make the hair lustrous and strong.


The portion of the hair we see outside from the scalp is called Shaft. The shaft consists of three layers. The cuticle is the outer most layer that defines the appearance of the hair, the medulla is the innermost layer which adds strength to the hair, and cortex is the layer between cuticle and medulla which contains melanin and keratin.

We are sure that you must have amazed by the entire hair mechanism. Read our other blogs to understand the reasons for your hair fall.