What is skin cancer?

The development of abnormal cells on the skin prompts skin cancer. It happens when unrepaired DNA leads to mutation or genetic deformities. It results due to prolonged exposure to ultraviolet rays or artificial tanning gadgets.

Three types of skin cancer:

  • Basal- cell carcinoma or BCC: The most common type of skin cancer which occurs as a sore and then causes bleeding.
  • Squamous cell skin cancer: A skin cancer type which appears as fish scales under the microscope. It usually appears as a hard lump with a scaly top but can also form an ulcer.
  • Melanoma: Among the three, comes Melanoma a.k.a malignant melanoma. The primary cause is linked with (UV) exposure in those with low levels of skin pigment.

Some facts about skin cancer:

  • Currently, 132,000 melanoma skin cancer and within 2-3 million non-melanoma skin cancers occur worldwide each year.
  • One in every three cancers diagnosed is a skin cancer. According to the data by Skin Cancer Foundation Statistics, one in every five Americans develops skin cancer in their lifetime.
  • One person dies of melanoma every hour.
  • An estimated 9,730 people will die of melanoma in 2017.
  • On average, a person’s risk for melanoma doubles if he/she suffers from more than five sunburns.
  • Ultraviolet (UV) radiation is a proven human carcinogen.
  • Countries like Brazil and Australia have banned indoor tanning salons.
  • As a matter of fact, lung cancer due to smoking happens less compared to skin cancer because of tanning.

Skin cancer is easy to treat if the symptoms are recognized soon. If you have sore or lump or broken skin (ulcer) which exceeds more than four weeks, you mustn’t procrastinate and seek medical help immediately.

Remember, lives lost can’t be replaced. So, I won’t recommend extensive use of artificial tanning gadgets because when someone suffers, it’s not only the patient but the entire family has to deal with the pain and trauma.