It may all start with a seemingly harmless blush-like effect on your face; but Rosacea, a chronic skin disorder, is nothing like a happy, flushed face. This inflammatory skin condition causes small, red, pus-filled bumps on the face. However, Rosacea can turn into more than just redness of the skin. In some cases, the inflammation transforms into visible blood vessels, swelling, break-outs, skin thickening, and even develop into ocular rosacea, causing redness and irritation of the eyes, and swelling of eyelids. The disorder has such does not cause itchy rashes. However, its side effects may give you itchy skin.

According to a study published earlier in 2018, approximately 415 million people in the world are affected by rosacea. It was also noted that people with mild to moderate symptoms may not seek medical attention. This could be because milder symptoms get mistaken for acne, skin allergy or eczema. But if left untreated, rosacea worsens and spreads from the cheeks and nose to the forehead and chin, and even the ears, chest and back.

Although the causes of Rosacea are unknown, medical experts believe that it could be related to abnormalities in facial blood vessels. Also, if there is a family history of rosacea, the chances of its occurrence are more. People with lighter skin colour have also been observed as being more prone to the skin disorder. Another observation is the presence of H. pylori bacteria in the gut, which is to know to cause blood vessels to dilate.

Rosacea could also be triggered by factors like environmental conditions, smoking and alcohol, stress, cosmetics, certain drugs and some kinds of foods.

It is important to look out for symptoms of rosacea – persistent redness of the face and consult a dermatologist for proper diagnosis and treatment. Those with severe rosacea may also need counselling to manage stress and its symptoms.