The Girl who can’t go out in the sun, xeroderma, sun allergy

Have you ever watched the rising sun or gazed it transcending into the darkness? I guess most of you do this every day in your life. But Riley McCoy isn’t allowed, not at least without any protection sheets!

Riley McCoy aged 17 waits all day to enjoy her time out of the window glasses because of a rare inherited disorder which is known as Xeroderma Pigmentosum. In this peculiar disease, any exposure to UV rays causes a blistering burn, potential malignant cancer, internal organ damage and eventually death. Cyclobutane dimmers and 6-4 photoproducts are the causal factors for the above-listed problems. As her DNA lacks the antigen to repair the skin damages, she becomes a prey for the rays.

So, what is Xeroderma pigmentosum?

  • Xeroderma pigmentosum (XP) is a rare form of disease in which the individual falls prey to Ultraviolet rays from the sun due to the inability to repair the damaged skin.
  • Any slight exposure to sunlight is forbidden.
  • If the person has to move out of the house, he/she has to wear protective sheets in order to cover up the naked parts.
  • Individuals with this disease are often colloquially referred as “Moon child“.
  • Corneal ulcerations, dry skin, spider veins, solar keratoses are some of the symptoms indicating the absence of immunity level.

Facts about Xeroderma pigmentosum:

  • In general, 1 in 250,000 people get affected by XP.
  • The gene frequency for XP is 1:200.
  • This genetic disorder is more common in the Middle East and Japan.
  • Till now, no cure or medications are available to fight this disorder. The standard treatment protocol includes avoiding sun exposure and protection sheets if it’s necessary to go out.
  • Every 3 months, the patient has to visit the dermatologist and to have eye checkup.

 

skin cancer types

What is skin cancer?

The development of abnormal cells on the skin prompts skin cancer. It happens when unrepaired DNA leads to mutation or genetic deformities. It results due to prolonged exposure to ultraviolet rays or artificial tanning gadgets.

Three types of skin cancer:

  • Basal- cell carcinoma or BCC: The most common type of skin cancer which occurs as a sore and then causes bleeding.
  • Squamous cell skin cancer: A skin cancer type which appears as fish scales under the microscope. It usually appears as a hard lump with a scaly top but can also form an ulcer.
  • Melanoma: Among the three, comes Melanoma a.k.a malignant melanoma. The primary cause is linked with (UV) exposure in those with low levels of skin pigment.

Some facts about skin cancer:

  • Currently, 132,000 melanoma skin cancer and within 2-3 million non-melanoma skin cancers occur worldwide each year.
  • One in every three cancers diagnosed is a skin cancer. According to the data by Skin Cancer Foundation Statistics, one in every five Americans develops skin cancer in their lifetime.
  • One person dies of melanoma every hour.
  • An estimated 9,730 people will die of melanoma in 2017.
  • On average, a person’s risk for melanoma doubles if he/she suffers from more than five sunburns.
  • Ultraviolet (UV) radiation is a proven human carcinogen.
  • Countries like Brazil and Australia have banned indoor tanning salons.
  • As a matter of fact, lung cancer due to smoking happens less compared to skin cancer because of tanning.

Skin cancer is easy to treat if the symptoms are recognized soon. If you have sore or lump or broken skin (ulcer) which exceeds more than four weeks, you mustn’t procrastinate and seek medical help immediately.

Remember, lives lost can’t be replaced. So, I won’t recommend extensive use of artificial tanning gadgets because when someone suffers, it’s not only the patient but the entire family has to deal with the pain and trauma.

skin rashes, skin rash

Rashes also described as a skin irritation or itching with red marks to allergic reactions by any virus or bacteria, food or metal is the most common yet allergic disease. This phenomenon is not only to children but also happens to adults.

In general, these rashes don’t indicate any severe medical condition but if left unchecked for a longer time, it’d be a reason for dry skin, swelling, itching, and pain.

If the rash is accompanied by any other health issues, then the most appropriate solution is to visit the nearest clinic or health care center.

What causes Rash?

  1.  Scabies: A contagious skin infection caused by a mite known as Sarcoptes Scabiei can lead to the formation of sores, blisters, scabs. Formerly known as seven-year itch, the mites burrow and lay eggs in the skin pores which can be seen with the naked eyes.
  2. Head lice: Another reason associated with rashes can be head lice which lay eggs attached to the hairline and prefer the warmth of scalp. Body and pubic lice also exists and accounts for rashes but compared to the former, the latter is seen rarely.
  3. Fungal rashes: Caused by fungi: tinea and candida. Tinea, commonly known as ringworm can be found on the face, scalp, nails or body. Candida can occur as oral thrush, as a white coating on the tongue or mouth mucosa in babies or leads to cracked skin between toes or nail discoloration.
  4. Warts: A skin disease which usually appears on fingers, hands or toes can also be a reason of rash. Though they disappear on their own, but its other types need medical care. Painful but not contagious, they have a hard, rough surface and reasons like low immune system could account for such infection.
  5. Molluscum Contagiosum: Another common childhood rash is caused by a virus with each bump having a dent in the center. Though it doesn’t result in any harm, a child may scratch and infect his/her skin as it tends to be itchy.

Rash Treatment

Treatments for rashes depend upon the causal factors. Some of them disappear on their own, while some can be cured with ointments. However, seek medical advice.

  1. Apply Warm Water On The Pimple Surface – This is the most advisable remedy for curing heat boils in this scorching summer. Just dip a cloth in warm salted water and dab it on the boil for around 15 minutes, through the day. This will help in getting the pus out from your skin.Apply warm water
  2. Apply Neem leaves Paste  – Boil neem leaves in water and then wait for few minutes and once it turns into a semi solid, apply the paste on the top of your boil to get rid of your pimples.Neem_leaves_Neem_Leaves
  3. Garlic and Onion Paste – Cut a slice of onion and wrap it around a cloth. Now, press this cloth on the boil for a few minutes to drain out the boil. Garlic is also highly recommended for boils and rashes. So you can also Prepare a garlic paste and apply it directly on the boils for a quick cure.Apply garlic and onion for curing pimples
  4. Apply Tea Tree Oil Using A Cotton – Get instant relief from heat boils by dabbing a piece cotton dipped in Tea Tree Oil on the top of your pimple. It is a great antifungal and an antibacterial agent and helps in effective riddance of heat boils and pimples.olive-oil-968657_1920
  5. Apply Turmeric and  Milk Paste On Top Of Pimples – Turmeric and milk have high medicinal values and  can be combined together in several ways and could be used to fight heat boils like: 30498443120_53615be422_z
  1. Applying turmeric and milk paste on the boil. You could also add vinegar to this mixture.
  2. Turmeric and rose water paste or turmeric and ginger paste is also a  great home remedy for boils and pimples.
  3. Drink a warm glass of milk mixed with turmeric at least 2 or 3 times a day, to keep the boils away!

 

prevent sun tan in face

– UV rays are the strongest between the peak hours i.e 10 AM to 4 AM, so avoid stepping out during this duration.

– Your clothing is very important. During summer wear light weight fabrics, loose pants, full sleeves with dark colors to avoid a tan. Stick to colors which has a high Ultraviolet Protection Factor (UPF). Wondering how to identify the UPF? Usually, a lot of brands have UPF number on the label. So make sure that it is 30 and above.

– Sunscreen is a must. It is the best and easiest way to avoid a tan. Use sunscreen every day, especially 30 minutes before stepping out. If your outdoor activity is high, make sure you apply the sunscreen every 2 hours. Sunscreens with broad spectrum, UVA protection and SPF that is 15 or higher is ideal.

– Rejuvenate your skin with moisturizers and baby oils. These two are a must to avoid tanning in the summer. While baby oil helps with dead skin, moisturizing helps in removal of tan.

– Some of the best home remedies for tan removal are – Turmeric powder, Curd, Lemon juice and Sandalwood. Applying these on your skin is a great way to get rid of summer tan. While turmeric powder could be mixed with curd and honey, a paste of sandalwood, coconut and almond oil could give you some amazing results.

– Hats and sunglasses are your go-to essentials to avoid tanning. Wide hats and sunglasses with 100% UV protection are the most recommendable.