April 28, 2016
We have briefly explained about hyper pigmentation in our previous post. Hyper pigmentation is a skin condition which can cause mental distress as it affects the most visible parts of the body. Therefore, we thought of giving a detailed insight on hyperpigmentation and the causes behind it.
Hyper pigmentation is nothing but a change in skin color. It is mainly caused by over production of melanin on a particular area which changes the skin color and makes it darker compared to the remaining parts of the body. The reason for over production of melanin can be many and a few main causes are mentioned below.
Age spots, also called as dark spots appear on the frequently exposed parts of the body such as face, arms and feet. They generally appear after certain age because of the over exposure of body parts to sunlight.
Post Inflammation Hyperpigmentation
When a part of skin heals after an injury, skin trauma or acne, it causes post inflammation hyper pigmentation. This is mainly because of the stress undergone by the skin during the healing process. Certain skin treatments which includes extreme abrasion can also cause this skin condition
Melasma is a type of skin pigmentation caused by UV radiation. If a person’s sun sensitivity is high, they are prone to Melasma. The change in hormones during pregnancy is also one of the reasons behind Melasma. Sometimes intake of birth control pills can also cause this pigmentation.
Acanthosis Nigricans is caused by imbalanced hormones which are supposed to regulate the blood sugar levels. The pigmentation is caused around neck, underarms, knuckles and in some cases around the groin area. As the blood sugar regulating hormones are disturbed, acanthosis nigricans is also considered as a warning sign for diabetes.
Certain topical creams, especially the ones meant for skin lightening/fairness can also be the reason for hyper pigmentation. Even though they may show some results initially, the ingredients can react with the skin and with exposure to external factors such as sunlight can cause hyper pigmentation.
February 24, 2016
We have listed a few natural preventive measures for acne in our previous post. Natural measures may not cure acne completely and it takes more time to see visible results. If the severity of acne is not reduced even after following certain natural remedies, it is time to go for a medical treatment.
Consulting a dermatologist would be the first right thing to do. He/ She is the right person to diagnose the type of acne, cause behind it and prescribe a suitable treatment. Treatments can cure acne by means of fighting against bacteria, controlling oil secretion, balancing the hormones and unclogging the pores.
Treatment for acne can be of two types, topical medication and oral medication.
Acne which causes mild inflammation on the skin can be treated using topical medication alone. Such acne fighting topicals may consist benzoyl peroxide, clindamycin, retinoids or salicylic acid etc. which fight against the bacteria and calms down the redness or other skin damage caused.
For severe cystic acne, a combination of oral and topical medicine works the best. Oral medications are generally retinoids or antibiotics.
Even though such treatments are considered the best way to treat acne, one has to make sure that proper consultation is done with a dermatologist before intake or application of any medicine. Proper medication with good lifestyle practices can help to keep acne at bay.
January 6, 2016
Human skin color varies from different hues of brown to pink. The pigment which determines the skin color of each individual is called as melanin. The skin color evolved primarily to protect the skin from the harmful UV rays. People who live near equator with high exposure to UV rays have more melanin pigments for protection. Hence they are dark skinned. People who live closer to the poles with less UV exposure have less melanin pigments and are light skinned.
Change in skin color can happen due to various reasons. Changes in skin tone because of tanning or scars are considered normal. Other changes which require medical advice are considered as skin abnormality.
Tanning is caused when the skin is exposed to excessive sun rays. The body tends to produce more melanin for UV protection. The area exposed to sun rays becomes darker than the rest of the body results in uneven skin tone. Tanning is not exactly a skin condition or abnormality. Covering the exposed areas or using a sunscreen can protect one from the UV rays. But overexposure to UV rays can cause sun burns, skin ageing and even skin cancer.
Scars are a form of tissues called fibrous which replaces the normal skin after an injury. Simple scars from small wounds, acne, itchy insect bites can fade away in weeks. Any other major wound or surgery can cause permanent scars. Even though the skin looks different from the rest of the body, scarring is considered as a natural part of the healing process. There are some treatments available as well to remove the scars.
Hyper pigmentation is caused because of the over production of melanin but it is not only because of the exposure to UV rays. Hyper pigmentation can be because of the various following reasons. Pregnancy can be one of the main reasons for hyper pigmentation. The skin is darkened around neck and at the lower part of stomach which eventually goes away after the child birth. Decrease in the function of adrenal gland can cause hyper pigmentation. Use of certain medication is one of the reasons for hyper pigmentation. Skin inflammation, fungal infection, accumulation of iron in the body, exposure to mercury and smoking are the other reasons for hyper pigmentation.
Acanthosis Nigricans is a type of hyper pigmentation caused by hormonal imbalance. It results in occurrence of dark patches on neck, under arms and knuckles. The dark patch is nothing but extra skin cells produced by the imbalanced hormones regulating the blood sugar level called insulin. Sedentary lifestyle, junk food, lack of exercise, obesity, diabetics and polycystic ovary syndrome are the causes of Acanthosis Nigricans.
These dark parches are often mistaken as dirt accumulation. Irrespective of regular cleaning and scrubbing, these patches won’t fade away. Doctor consultation is a must to treat this condition. Proper medication along with healthy food and lifestyle changes can help to overcome the condition.
December 24, 2015
Let’s say you are planning for an important event for so long. You want everything to be perfect from the venue to the way you look on that day. The night before the D day, you have sorted out everything such as what time to start, how to reach the location, what dress to wear etc. Finally, the day has arrived and with loads of excitement, you are looking into the mirror hoping to see the perfect you. What if you find a little pop on your face? This pop also popularly known as a pimple or acne can totally spoil your mood and make you feel like canceling the entire plan. This little monster can cause jitters more than a horror movie.
Acne is not a teenage problem alone. From tiny zits to scarring cysts, acne can affect anyone irrespective of age and gender. We all wish for a clear skin without acne or acne marks. So what causes acne? Before we explore the causes of acne, we should be able to differentiate the different types of acne.
- When they appear as small, congested pores they are known as comedones, also known as blackheads or whiteheads.
- When they are tender red bumps, they are known as papules.
- When they are tender, red or with a yellow tinge, pus-filled, they are known as pustules.
- Nodule is a severe type of acne. They are large, hard bumps under the skin’s surface. Scarring is common.
- Cyst is the most severe form. It appears similar to a nodule but is pus-filled. It can be painful and scarring is common.
Let’s move on to the major causes of Acne,
- Hyperkeratinization (increased production of skin cells called Keratin)
- Excess Sebum/ oil production by oil glands called Sebaceous glands.
- Increased multiplication of bacteria called P. acnes.
- Hormonal Imbalance
Now as we know the types and causes of acne, let’s explore the prevention methods and treatment options in the upcoming posts.