One of the most common skin infections for which people visit a skin specialist is a fungal infection or ringworm. This infection is neither painful nor burning but can get uncomfortable.
These infections are called ringworm because they appear in the form of a ring. Oh! And they also form red and itchy rashes on the skin.
Tinea Cruris or jock itch is a particular case when fungal infection occurs in the groin. Though not serious, they can be very unbearable to manage.
These infections spread from an infected person or even from infected pets. They can also spread because of unclean floors, shower stalls, locker room or even around a pool. So if any these places are unhygienic, be extremely cautious.
Where can fungal infections occur?
They can occur in any part of the body such as the groin, feet, head, and face and easily spread to the others part as well.
As you can see in the picture, these infections look subtle but require consultation of a dermatologist ASAP.
Fungal infections need proper medication and hygienic procedures. Here are a few steps you have to follow in order to avoid tinea infections:
1. Do not share any clothes or other wearable equipment with others.
2. Wear slippers in swimming pool areas, gym or public shower rooms.
3. Avoid tight clothes as they tend to dry the skin sooner.
4. Always wash with soap or shampoo after contact with others. Use antifungal cream.
5. Treat your pets from fungal infections.
6. If you find anyone with these infections, advise them to visit a dermatologist.
7. It is your foot that gets affected first with fungal infections. Especially for people working in dusty areas, wear socks first and then underwear to prevent tinea cruris from affecting the other parts of your body.
- Apply Warm Water On The Pimple Surface – This is the most advisable remedy for curing heat boils in this scorching summer. Just dip a cloth in warm salted water and dab it on the boil for around 15 minutes, through the day. This will help in getting the pus out from your skin.
- Apply Neem leaves Paste – Boil neem leaves in water and then wait for few minutes and once it turns into a semi solid, apply the paste on the top of your boil to get rid of your pimples.
- Garlic and Onion Paste – Cut a slice of onion and wrap it around a cloth. Now, press this cloth on the boil for a few minutes to drain out the boil. Garlic is also highly recommended for boils and rashes. So you can also Prepare a garlic paste and apply it directly on the boils for a quick cure.
- Apply Tea Tree Oil Using A Cotton – Get instant relief from heat boils by dabbing a piece cotton dipped in Tea Tree Oil on the top of your pimple. It is a great antifungal and an antibacterial agent and helps in effective riddance of heat boils and pimples.
- Apply Turmeric and Milk Paste On Top Of Pimples – Turmeric and milk have high medicinal values and can be combined together in several ways and could be used to fight heat boils like:
- Applying turmeric and milk paste on the boil. You could also add vinegar to this mixture.
- Turmeric and rose water paste or turmeric and ginger paste is also a great home remedy for boils and pimples.
- Drink a warm glass of milk mixed with turmeric at least 2 or 3 times a day, to keep the boils away!
Human skin color varies from different hues of brown to pink. The pigment which determines the skin color of each individual is called as melanin. The skin color evolved primarily to protect the skin from the harmful UV rays. People who live near equator with high exposure to UV rays have more melanin pigments for protection. Hence they are dark skinned. People who live closer to the poles with less UV exposure have less melanin pigments and are light skinned.
Change in skin color can happen due to various reasons. Changes in skin tone because of tanning or scars are considered normal. Other changes which require medical advice are considered as skin abnormality.
Tanning is caused when the skin is exposed to excessive sun rays. The body tends to produce more melanin for UV protection. The area exposed to sun rays becomes darker than the rest of the body results in uneven skin tone. Tanning is not exactly a skin condition or abnormality. Covering the exposed areas or using a sunscreen can protect one from the UV rays. But overexposure to UV rays can cause sun burns, skin ageing and even skin cancer.
Scars are a form of tissues called fibrous which replaces the normal skin after an injury. Simple scars from small wounds, acne, itchy insect bites can fade away in weeks. Any other major wound or surgery can cause permanent scars. Even though the skin looks different from the rest of the body, scarring is considered as a natural part of the healing process. There are some treatments available as well to remove the scars.
Hyper pigmentation is caused because of the over production of melanin but it is not only because of the exposure to UV rays. Hyper pigmentation can be because of the various following reasons. Pregnancy can be one of the main reasons for hyper pigmentation. The skin is darkened around neck and at the lower part of stomach which eventually goes away after the child birth. Decrease in the function of adrenal gland can cause hyper pigmentation. Use of certain medication is one of the reasons for hyper pigmentation. Skin inflammation, fungal infection, accumulation of iron in the body, exposure to mercury and smoking are the other reasons for hyper pigmentation.
Acanthosis Nigricans is a type of hyper pigmentation caused by hormonal imbalance. It results in occurrence of dark patches on neck, under arms and knuckles. The dark patch is nothing but extra skin cells produced by the imbalanced hormones regulating the blood sugar level called insulin. Sedentary lifestyle, junk food, lack of exercise, obesity, diabetics and polycystic ovary syndrome are the causes of Acanthosis Nigricans.
These dark parches are often mistaken as dirt accumulation. Irrespective of regular cleaning and scrubbing, these patches won’t fade away. Doctor consultation is a must to treat this condition. Proper medication along with healthy food and lifestyle changes can help to overcome the condition.
Let’s say you are planning for an important event for so long. You want everything to be perfect from the venue to the way you look on that day. The night before the D day, you have sorted out everything such as what time to start, how to reach the location, what dress to wear etc. Finally, the day has arrived and with loads of excitement, you are looking into the mirror hoping to see the perfect you. What if you find a little pop on your face? This pop also popularly known as a pimple or acne can totally spoil your mood and make you feel like canceling the entire plan. This little monster can cause jitters more than a horror movie.
Acne is not a teenage problem alone. From tiny zits to scarring cysts, acne can affect anyone irrespective of age and gender. We all wish for a clear skin without acne or acne marks. So what causes acne? Before we explore the causes of acne, we should be able to differentiate the different types of acne.
- When they appear as small, congested pores they are known as comedones, also known as blackheads or whiteheads.
- When they are tender red bumps, they are known as papules.
- When they are tender, red or with a yellow tinge, pus-filled, they are known as pustules.
- Nodule is a severe type of acne. They are large, hard bumps under the skin’s surface. Scarring is common.
- Cyst is the most severe form. It appears similar to a nodule but is pus-filled. It can be painful and scarring is common.
Let’s move on to the major causes of Acne,
- Hyperkeratinization (increased production of skin cells called Keratin)
- Excess Sebum/ oil production by oil glands called Sebaceous glands.
- Increased multiplication of bacteria called P. acnes.
- Hormonal Imbalance
Now as we know the types and causes of acne, let’s explore the prevention methods and treatment options in the upcoming posts.