The Girl who can’t go out in the sun, xeroderma, sun allergy

Have you ever watched the rising sun or gazed it transcending into the darkness? I guess most of you do this every day in your life. But Riley McCoy isn’t allowed, not at least without any protection sheets!

Riley McCoy aged 17 waits all day to enjoy her time out of the window glasses because of a rare inherited disorder which is known as Xeroderma Pigmentosum. In this peculiar disease, any exposure to UV rays causes a blistering burn, potential malignant cancer, internal organ damage and eventually death. Cyclobutane dimmers and 6-4 photoproducts are the causal factors for the above-listed problems. As her DNA lacks the antigen to repair the skin damages, she becomes a prey for the rays.

So, what is Xeroderma pigmentosum?

  • Xeroderma pigmentosum (XP) is a rare form of disease in which the individual falls prey to Ultraviolet rays from the sun due to the inability to repair the damaged skin.
  • Any slight exposure to sunlight is forbidden.
  • If the person has to move out of the house, he/she has to wear protective sheets in order to cover up the naked parts.
  • Individuals with this disease are often colloquially referred as “Moon child“.
  • Corneal ulcerations, dry skin, spider veins, solar keratoses are some of the symptoms indicating the absence of immunity level.

Facts about Xeroderma pigmentosum:

  • In general, 1 in 250,000 people get affected by XP.
  • The gene frequency for XP is 1:200.
  • This genetic disorder is more common in the Middle East and Japan.
  • Till now, no cure or medications are available to fight this disorder. The standard treatment protocol includes avoiding sun exposure and protection sheets if it’s necessary to go out.
  • Every 3 months, the patient has to visit the dermatologist and to have eye checkup.

 

skin care is important for men

Man or woman, skin care is important for both. Even though signs of aging appear later in men as compared to women because of more collagen and elastin, it doesn’t mean that they shouldn’t care for what is coming.

Skin care isn’t really a new concept for men. For ages, they are using shaving creams, gels, after-shave lotion and also sunscreen creams.

Why men need skin care tips?

  • According to a research done in 2012, women are more attracted to men with healthy skin color than those with the masculine face.
  • The risk of having advanced melanoma is more in men because they don’t heed to skin care needs.
  • According to studies, handsome men earn 5 percent more than their less-attractive counterpart.
  • Pollution, dirt, wind damage and UV rays cause same effects and give rise to pigmentation and skin wrinkles.

So, how can you take care of your skin?

  • Skin Type: The first of every skin care routine is to know your skin type because only this will guide you in choosing the products.
  • Choose your products wisely: While picking up the lot, keep in mind your skin care needs. As different products are available for men and women, so heed to the details and procedure.
  • Follow a cleansing routine: Wash your face with appropriate face wash gels twice a day as it helps you to get rid of oily stuffs and open your pores.
  • Exfoliation: Dirt and oily stuffs are one among few causes of blackheads or whiteheads. Doing this will aids skin to remove layers of dead skin.

There’re countless methods and the stores are also filled with different products. Unfortunately, the cost is high and bottles are tiny, so the best way is to use natural remedies.

 

skin cancer types

What is skin cancer?

The development of abnormal cells on the skin prompts skin cancer. It happens when unrepaired DNA leads to mutation or genetic deformities. It results due to prolonged exposure to ultraviolet rays or artificial tanning gadgets.

Three types of skin cancer:

  • Basal- cell carcinoma or BCC: The most common type of skin cancer which occurs as a sore and then causes bleeding.
  • Squamous cell skin cancer: A skin cancer type which appears as fish scales under the microscope. It usually appears as a hard lump with a scaly top but can also form an ulcer.
  • Melanoma: Among the three, comes Melanoma a.k.a malignant melanoma. The primary cause is linked with (UV) exposure in those with low levels of skin pigment.

Some facts about skin cancer:

  • Currently, 132,000 melanoma skin cancer and within 2-3 million non-melanoma skin cancers occur worldwide each year.
  • One in every three cancers diagnosed is a skin cancer. According to the data by Skin Cancer Foundation Statistics, one in every five Americans develops skin cancer in their lifetime.
  • One person dies of melanoma every hour.
  • An estimated 9,730 people will die of melanoma in 2017.
  • On average, a person’s risk for melanoma doubles if he/she suffers from more than five sunburns.
  • Ultraviolet (UV) radiation is a proven human carcinogen.
  • Countries like Brazil and Australia have banned indoor tanning salons.
  • As a matter of fact, lung cancer due to smoking happens less compared to skin cancer because of tanning.

Skin cancer is easy to treat if the symptoms are recognized soon. If you have sore or lump or broken skin (ulcer) which exceeds more than four weeks, you mustn’t procrastinate and seek medical help immediately.

Remember, lives lost can’t be replaced. So, I won’t recommend extensive use of artificial tanning gadgets because when someone suffers, it’s not only the patient but the entire family has to deal with the pain and trauma.

skin rashes, skin rash

Rashes also described as a skin irritation or itching with red marks to allergic reactions by any virus or bacteria, food or metal is the most common yet allergic disease. This phenomenon is not only to children but also happens to adults.

In general, these rashes don’t indicate any severe medical condition but if left unchecked for a longer time, it’d be a reason for dry skin, swelling, itching, and pain.

If the rash is accompanied by any other health issues, then the most appropriate solution is to visit the nearest clinic or health care center.

What causes Rash?

  1.  Scabies: A contagious skin infection caused by a mite known as Sarcoptes Scabiei can lead to the formation of sores, blisters, scabs. Formerly known as seven-year itch, the mites burrow and lay eggs in the skin pores which can be seen with the naked eyes.
  2. Head lice: Another reason associated with rashes can be head lice which lay eggs attached to the hairline and prefer the warmth of scalp. Body and pubic lice also exists and accounts for rashes but compared to the former, the latter is seen rarely.
  3. Fungal rashes: Caused by fungi: tinea and candida. Tinea, commonly known as ringworm can be found on the face, scalp, nails or body. Candida can occur as oral thrush, as a white coating on the tongue or mouth mucosa in babies or leads to cracked skin between toes or nail discoloration.
  4. Warts: A skin disease which usually appears on fingers, hands or toes can also be a reason of rash. Though they disappear on their own, but its other types need medical care. Painful but not contagious, they have a hard, rough surface and reasons like low immune system could account for such infection.
  5. Molluscum Contagiosum: Another common childhood rash is caused by a virus with each bump having a dent in the center. Though it doesn’t result in any harm, a child may scratch and infect his/her skin as it tends to be itchy.

Rash Treatment

Treatments for rashes depend upon the causal factors. Some of them disappear on their own, while some can be cured with ointments. However, seek medical advice.

baby skin care tips

A newborn baby skin is DIFFERENT from adult skin.

The differences are newborns have a thinner outer layer (aka epidermis) of skin than adults. A thinner outer layer of skin means increased the risk to irritation.

Be cautious of using too much soap and fragranced products for this reason. Secondly, baby skin has higher water content than adult skin. Thus, baby skin has quicker absorption as well as quicker water loss. Because of these differences, your baby needs a special daily skin care routine.

Baby Skin Care Basic

baby skin care

  • A massage is an important one-on-one time. Research shows that a baby’s very survival depends on being touched by others – as touch triggers hormones, boosts immunity, and helps fight disease. Also, massaged babies are calmer, sleep better, and cry less — every parent’s dream!
  • There’s no special technique for massage. Lay the baby on a soft blanket or fabric massage the baby’s chest and tummy with a warm baby oil or lotion and make eye contact and talk to the baby.

baby skin care

Following a regular bath calms a baby and also washes away oils and excess dry skin which is not good for the baby.

  • Using warm water in most areas is more than sufficient. Save your fragrance-free, ph-balanced soap for the areas that need it, like baby bottoms and chubby folds of skin.

baby skin care

  • Moisturisers replenishes what your baby’s skin loses and gives your child a protective barrier.
  • Ensure that you moisturiser your baby within 2- 3 minutes after bathing.
  • When choosing the moisturiser it is preferable to use a fragrance free, hypoallergenic, preservative free moisturiser as your baby’s skin will be very sensitive.

baby skin care

  • Most often, diaper rash is caused by the irritating wetness of a soiled diaper.
  • The rash can also develop when baby’s skin is not properly dried after a bath.
  • Sometimes, a bacteria or yeast infection will cause diaper rash.
  • Babies taking antibiotics are especially vulnerable to a yeast infection diaper rash because the drugs allow fungal growth.

baby skin care

  1. Check diapers frequently and change every 3 hours
  2. Wash the diaper area with mild fragrance-free cleanser or plain water.
  3. Use a soft, baby wipes preferably perfume or alcohol free wipes
  4. Pat baby dry. Don’t rub. Let the diaper area air-dry fully before putting on a fresh diaper.
  5. Apply a thick layer of diaper creams containing zinc oxide before every diaper change

See your pediatrician if the rash doesn’t clear up in two to three days. If the rash is caused by eczema, a bacterial or yeast infection, or other condition, you may need a prescription treatment.