September 19, 2016

Tips on skin care

It really helps when you know what your skin type is so that one can select the most appropriate products. Common skin types are normal, oily, dry and sensitive. There are also people who have a combination of skin types.

The type of skin depends upon various factors:

  • Water content
  • Oil content
  • Level of sensitivity.

Normal skin:

Thought not being problematic, normal skin also requires nourishment, cleaning and moisturizing.

  • In the morning, cleanse your face with alcohol free tonic and moisturize it with a mild cream.
  • If you use make-up, have quality ones put on your face. Before going to sleep, wash your face with a mild soap and dry it with a napkin.
  • Once a week use egg yolk mask, and rejuvenate your face skin. Do not forget to take care of your body as well.

Dry skin:

You have invisible pores around the face and more visible lines. The texture is usually rough and will project a dull complexion. Your skin is less elastic and will be prone to red patches.

  • Cleanse your skin with goat milk soap as it will make it smooth and develop the texture.
  • Buy natural cleaning products and don’t scrub while bathing or drying.
  • Use a humidifier and avoid over exposure to hot temperature.
  • Apply rich moisturizer after the bath and oils and options may also work. Avoid deodorant soaps.

Oily skin:

They have enlarged pores, dull or shiny skin complexion. People with this skin type are the most prone to blackheads, pimples and other kinds of blemishes in their skin.

Wear gloves while using cleaning agents, solvents and household detergents.

When exposed to drying agents, skin may crack up and become itchy or irritated especially on the back of arms, legs and hands.

 

September 12, 2016

What is your hair type?

Finding out what texture your hair is helps you figure out what are the necessities, essentials, how to handle it, and how to make it more effective. Your hair involves different types of density, curling pattern and porosity. So knowing what your hair demands helps to get stylish products which are best for them and that achieves the best results you need.

  1. Determine your density :

Look into the mirror and identify the middle partition. Separate them into two sides and comb with your fingers. It helps you find how thick your hair is.           Chunks of hair in the roots mean that it is strong.

  1. Determining your texture
  • Wash your hair twice a week

Washing cleanses your hair and it helps determine your texture. Usually changing conditioners or shampoo’s make the texture go away. So stick to one brand or it makes the hair fall.

  • Let your hair dry in the air or a dryer. It will make it smooth
  • Use a thick sewing thread of fabric material. Pull a strand of your hair. That should represent the whole texture of it. Place a white cloth in the ground and compare it. You shall see the difference.
  1. Determining the porosity
  • Wash and rinse your hair with shampoo and conditioner. It will cleanse your hair. Partially dry it with a towel. Don’t completely use a hair dryer.
  • Feel your hair with bare hands.
  • Low porosity: it means your hair is very dry and does not retain any moisture.
  • Medium porosity: The hair is considerably wet and withstands moisture.
  • High porosity: it means your hair feels sticky and takes a lot of time to get dry. It retains a lot of moisture.

Make your hair float in the water

If it does not sink into the water it is of low porosity. If it sinks to the bottom of the bowl quickly then it contains high porosity.

  1. Determining the oiliness:
  • Wash and rinse your hair with shampoo and conditioner. It will cleanse your hair. Partially dry it with a towel. Don’t completely use a hair dryer.
  • Make your hair sit overnight. Give your head and hair time for about 8-12 hours so that it produces oil and then you will be able to check it.

Oily: if there is full residue in your hair then it is termed oily.

Medium: If there are traces on the tissue then it is considerably oily.

Combination hair: if there is lot of oil on one spot and none on the scalp then it is a combination.

It is best to determine your hair when it is free from all chemicals and dyes. If it is natural, you can get the most accurate results.

April 28, 2016

Hyper-pigmentation

hyperpigmentation

We have briefly explained about hyper pigmentation in our previous post.  Hyper pigmentation is a skin condition which can cause mental distress as it affects the most visible parts of the body. Therefore, we thought of giving a detailed insight on hyperpigmentation and the causes behind it.

Hyper pigmentation is nothing but a change in skin color. It is mainly caused by over production of melanin on a particular area which changes the skin color and makes it darker compared to the remaining parts of the body. The reason for over production of melanin can be many and a few main causes are mentioned below.

Age Spots

Age spots, also called as dark spots appear on the frequently exposed parts of the body such as face, arms and feet. They generally appear after certain age because of the over exposure of body parts to sunlight.

Post Inflammation Hyperpigmentation

When a part of skin heals after an injury, skin trauma or acne, it causes post inflammation hyper pigmentation. This is mainly because of the stress undergone by the skin during the healing process. Certain skin treatments which includes extreme abrasion can also cause this skin condition

Melasma

Melasma is a type of skin pigmentation caused by UV radiation. If a person’s sun sensitivity is high, they are prone to Melasma. The change in hormones during pregnancy is also one of the reasons behind Melasma. Sometimes intake of birth control pills can also cause this pigmentation.

Acanthosis Nigricans

Acanthosis Nigricans is caused by imbalanced hormones which are supposed to regulate the blood sugar levels. The pigmentation is caused around neck, underarms, knuckles and in some cases around the groin area. As the blood sugar regulating hormones are disturbed, acanthosis nigricans is also considered as a warning sign for diabetes.

Topical creams

Certain topical creams, especially the ones meant for skin lightening/fairness can also be the reason for hyper pigmentation. Even though they may show some results initially, the ingredients can react with the skin and with exposure to external factors such as sunlight can cause hyper pigmentation.

April 24, 2016

Sweating and causes

sweating and causes

Sweating also known as perspiration is an essential bodily function. It is a process of producing fluid made of water, ammonia, urea, salt and sugar by the sweat glands.

Causes of Sweating

Our body’s comfortable temperature is 98.6°F (37°C). At this temperature, our body can work at its best. When the body temperature increases from this comfortable level, our brain tries to regulate the body temperature. A signal is sent to a part of our brain known as the hypothalamus which stimulates the sweat glands to produce sweat.When the sweat comes in contact with the air, it evaporates, cools down the body temperature and brings it back to the normal temperature.

Apart from the increase in physical heat, emotional stress such as fear, anxiety, anger can also produce sweat. Sweat induced by emotional stress is restricted to palms, soles, armpits and forehead whereas sweat induced by physical heat can happen throughout the body.

On an average, a human body has 2-4 million sweat glands. But the amount of sweat released by each gland differs from person to person and the determining factors include gender, genetics, health and environmental condition etc.

Why sweating is important

When sweat comes in contact with the bacteria of our body, it creates a bad smell often called as body odor. Because of this, sweating is always considered unpleasant and many products such as talcum powders, deodorants, antiperspirants and perfumes are available in the market to keep the body odor at bay.

Nevertheless, we should not forget the fact that sweating is an essential bodily function which comes with certain benefits. Apart from maintaining body temperature, sweating also helps in eliminating body toxins.Sweating eliminates the excess salts, retains the calcium in our bones and prevents the formation of kidney stones. Sweat contains nitrite which acts as an antibacterial, anti-fungal on the skin and prevents sickness.

But too much of anything is not good isn’t it? The excessive sweating we often ignore as signs of tension or nervousness could be a health condition that needs a proper medical treatment. More about that on our next blog post.

February 24, 2016

Treatment for Acne

acne treatment

We have listed a few natural preventive measures for acne in our previous post. Natural measures may not cure acne completely and it takes more time to see visible results. If the severity of acne is not reduced even after following certain natural remedies, it is time to go for a medical treatment.
Consulting a dermatologist would be the first right thing to do. He/ She is the right person to diagnose the type of  acne, cause behind it and prescribe a suitable treatment. Treatments can cure acne by means of fighting against bacteria, controlling oil secretion, balancing the hormones and unclogging the pores.

Treatment for acne can be of two types, topical medication and oral medication.
Acne which causes mild inflammation on the skin can be treated using topical medication alone. Such acne fighting topicals may consist benzoyl peroxide, clindamycin, retinoids or salicylic acid etc. which fight against the bacteria and calms down the redness or other skin damage caused.
For severe cystic acne, combination of oral and topical medicine works the best. Oral medications are generally retinoids or antibiotics.
Even though such treatments are considered the best way to treat acne, one has to make sure that proper consultation is done with a dermatologist before intake or application of any medicine. Proper medication with good lifestyle practices can help to keep acne at bay.

In our previous post, we have explained about the causes of sweating and why it is important to sweat out.

Yes sweating is an essential bodily function! But, have you ever been in a situation when you are in a crowded place such as train, bus or even during important meetings where you have to bear the body odor of a person sitting/standing next to you? Yeah we  have all been in that awkward situation.

Excessive sweating can create an ideal condition for bacterial growth which in turn causes body odor. The Apocrine gland is the major culprit behind the production of odor-causing sweat. Excessive sweating and body odor can affect the overall confidence of a person.

Irrespective of sweating being a natural process, we can follow a few methods/regime to control sweat and get rid of the body odor. We are listing down the best tips and tricks below

Cleanliness

  • Cleanliness is the first and foremost step to control sweating and get rid of body odor. Taking bath twice a day can help  control the sweat. Additionally using an anti bacterial  bathing barfor bathing can help to get rid of the odor causing bacteria.
  • Wearing clean clothes which are climate friendly (cotton clothes during summer) can always help.
  • Proper exfoliation of the skin especially in the armpits, around the neck and feet can get rid of the accumulated dirt and gives no place for bacterial growth.

Detox

  • Detoxifying internally is another method to follow which not only helps to improve the overall health but also  reduce the sweating & body odor.
  • Drinking more water, having a balanced diet which has fruits and vegetables, avoiding junk foods, oily/spicy foods, quitting smoking and in-take of alcohol are a few ways to detox .

Medical conditions

  • Sweating could be a  side – effect of certain medication. Once intake of such medicines are stopped, excessive sweating will be regularized on its own. Else, consultation with doctor is a must.
  • Obesity is another major medical condition which causes excessive sweating. Treating obesity not only stops excessive sweating but also leads to a healthy life.

Home remedies

  • Neem and tulsi are the best remedies as they have antibacterial properties. You can either put few leaves of neem and tulsi in the water you bathe or you can make it as a paste and apply it on the body or on the most affected parts and then rinse it.
  • Sandalwood paste is another efficient remedy. It not only cools down the body and controls the sweat but also gives out an amazing fragrance which can keep the body odor at bay.
  • Essential oils such as lavender oil, sandalwood oil, tea tree oil can be added to the water before bathing or can be applied on the skin as well.
  • Scrubbing the sweat prone areas with a slice of lemon/potato/baking soda can help to get rid of the body odor. 
February 10, 2016

Common causes for hairfall

hairfall-causes

In our previous post, we stated the fact that it is normal to shed around 50-80 hair strands per day. You all must have let out a sigh of relief after reading that. If the number of falling hair strands increase more than that, it is considered as hair fall. There are various reasons behind hair fall. The reason could be as simple as a wrong hairstyle which causes stress to your hair strands and make it fall or a hereditary condition which needs a medical treatment.

In this post, let’s see some common causes behind hair fall.

Health condition 

Sudden change in health condition could be one of the main reasons for hair fall. High fever, medicine intake, hormonal changes, any physical trauma etc can result in hair fall. Once the health is back to normal, the hair fall is expected to reduce.

Poor Diet

What we eat, can directly reflect on the healthiness of our hair. Avoiding protein rich foods and intake of imbalanced diet intake can be the causes behind hair fall. Eating a healthy, balanced diet with protein rich foods result in healthy hair.

Styling

We tend to try various products, hair styles and hair styling tools to make our hair look glossy and shiny,like a shampoo commercial model. But over doing of such styling can actually weaken and damage your hair strands which results in hair fall. Make sure you don’t change your hair products frequently. Dry your hair naturally instead of using a hair dryer.  Try hairstyles which doesn’t pull or cause stress to your hair strands. Reserve the usage of styling tools only for special occasions.

Dandruff

Dandruff is one of the main culprits which causes hair fall. Dandruff is nothing but white flakes caused by dry scalp. It is itchy and affects the roots of the hair strands which causes hair fall. Consulting a dermatologist and using anti-dandruff products can clear off the dandruff and controls hair fall.

Poor maintenance

Handling the hair strands roughly, not washing the hair frequently, exposing the scalp to pollution, dirt, extreme weather conditions can cause hair fall for sure. Always make sure that you comb your hair gently with wide tooth comb and don’t comb it more than twice a day. To get rid of the accumulated dirt, wash the hair frequently. Make sure to cover the scalp while stepping out. Proper maintenance can control hair fall to a greater extent.

Environmental changes

 Environmental change is another major reason behind hair fall. Sudden change in the water used for hair wash, change in climatic condition and change of place can trigger hair fall. Once the body gets used to the new environment, the hair fall should be controlled.

Emotional stress

 Emotional stress could be one of the reasons behind hair fall. Stress can make the hair follicles move faster towards the resting phase from the growth phase. This results in heavy hair fall. Following some stress buster methods such as proper sleep, listening to music, break from hectic professional life, and going for a counseling etc can not only stop the hair fall but also improves the mental and physical health.

Apart from these common causes, there are other factors such as hereditary, patterned baldness etc which causes severe hair fall. These conditions require medical consultation and extensive treatment. Let’s look in to detail about these conditions in our next blog post.

Hair-growth-cycle

After writing about the hair mechanism in our previous post, we are going to clarify what causes hair fall in this post.

A tiny thin hair strand which won’t even cause a smallest of pain while cutting can cause a huge pain when it falls on its own. We think about it, stress about it and try hard to stop it. We all must have read/researched about hair fall and ways to prevent it at least once in our life.
Well, let us clarify something first which can make you happy.
Shedding of 80-100 hair strands per day is totally natural and normal. This process is called as shedding and not hair fall. It is part of the hair growth cycle. So yes we have to know about the hair growth cycle first.
The 3 stages of hair growth cycle are

  1. Anagen Phase
  2. Catagen Phase
  3. Telogen Phase

Hair growth cycle

Anagen Phase

Anangen phase is considered as the growth phase for the hair strands and this stage lasts up to 2-7 years. The number of years a hair strand remains at this stage is determined by genetics and other internal external factors. The more the hair remains at this stage, the lengthier is the hair strand. About 85% of the hair strands on our head go through the anagen phase.
Catagen Phase
Catagen Phase is considered as the transition phase and this phase lasts for only 10-14 days. During this phase, the hair follicle shrinks and detaches from the root. This cuts the essential blood supply for the hair growth and stops the growth.
Telogen Phase
Telogen Phase is considered as the resting phase and lasts up to 3 months. During this phase, the hair follicle remains rested. The hair strand sheds and once the telogen phase is over, new hair growth starts. 10-15% of the hair strands on our head go through telogen phase.
The beauty of the nature is that each hair strand has its own growth cycle which makes sure that all the hairs won’t fall out of our head during the Telogen phase. It is evident now that irrespective of any preventive measures you take, the hair strands at the telogen phase are going to shed.
Many of few must have let out a sigh of relief after reading this but don’t waste your time counting the number of hair strands to check whether it is within the 80-100 limit.
When the shedding exceeds 100 strands per day, it is considered as hair fall and proper treatment is required to control it. There are various reasons behind hair fall and let’s look in to it in detail in our upcoming posts.

The fear of a getting pimples/acne on face starts during teenage and never stops again. As we have mentioned in our previous post, even a tiny pimple on face can increase the stress level.

Nevertheless, there are certain preventive measures one can follow to avoid pimples. These methods can also improve overall health of facial skin.

Keep your face clean:

Clogging of pores by excess oil/sebum, dirt and other impurities is one of the main reasons for pimples.  Therefore, make sure that you keep your face clean by washing it twice daily with a soap free mild cleanser.

Eat Healthy:

Eating vitamin and mineral rich balanced diet can cleanse the skin internally and avoid pimples. Drinking more water can eliminate toxins and results in a healthy skin without pimples.

Watch what you apply on face:

Any kind of facial cream, mask, makeup can be the reason behind your breakout. Well these products may not be particularly harmful to your skin but one or few of the ingredients  in such products can be the major trigger for pimples. Even a few natural ingredients can cause pimples. Therefore, always watch what you apply on your face. Make sure you remove makeup completely before hitting the sack to avoid clogging of pores.

Watch what touches your face:

Pillow covers, towels, mobile phone screens and your own hand can be the cause behind your pimples. Bacteria and other forms of dirt can easily reach your face through these mediums and cause pimples. Make sure you change your pillow case and towel every week. Wipe the mobile screens every now and then with a cloth. Make sure you don’t touch your face frequently and wash your hands before washing your face.

Avoid stress:

Well, stress may not be the direct cause behind the pimples but stress could be one of the triggers especially if you have an acne prone skin. Take enough time to de-stress and do some activities like listening to music, reading a book, gardening etc. Don’t forget to get 7-8 hours of sleep.

Prevention is better than cure but irrespective of the preventive measures, a few internal factors can cause pimples. More about it on our upcoming blog posts.

January 6, 2016

Skin Abnormality

Human skin color varies from different hues of brown to pink. The pigment which determines the skin color of each individual is called as melanin. The skin color evolved primarily to protect the skin from the harmful UV rays. People who live near equator with high exposure to UV rays have more melanin pigments for protection. Hence they are dark skinned. People who live closer to the poles with less UV exposure have less melanin pigments and are light skinned.

Change in skin color can happen due to various reasons. Changes in skin tone because of tanning or scars are considered normal. Other changes which require medical advice are considered as skin abnormality.

Tanning

Tanning is caused when the skin is exposed to excessive sun rays. The body tends to produce more melanin for UV protection. The area exposed to sun rays becomes darker than the rest of the body results in uneven skin tone. Tanning is not exactly a skin condition or abnormality. Covering the exposed areas or using a sunscreen can protect one from the UV rays. But overexposure to UV rays can cause sun burns, skin ageing and even skin cancer.

Scars

Scars are a form of tissues called fibrous which replaces the normal skin after an injury.  Simple scars from small wounds, acne, itchy insect bites can fade away in weeks. Any other major wound or surgery can cause permanent scars. Even though the skin looks different from the rest of the body, scarring is considered as a natural part of the healing process. There are some treatments available as well to remove the scars.

Hyper pigmentation 

Hyper pigmentation is caused because of the over production of melanin but it is not only because of the exposure to UV rays.  Hyper pigmentation can be because of the various following reasons. Pregnancy can be one of the main reasons for hyper pigmentation. The skin is darkened around neck and at the lower part of stomach which eventually goes away after the child birth. Decrease in the function of adrenal gland can cause hyper pigmentation.  Use of certain medication is one of the reasons for hyper pigmentation.  Skin inflammation, fungal infection, accumulation of iron in the body, exposure to mercury and smoking are the other reasons for hyper pigmentation.

Acanthosis Nigricans

Acanthosis Nigricans is a type of hyper pigmentation caused by hormonal imbalance. It results in occurrence of dark patches on neck, under arms and knuckles. The dark patch is nothing but extra skin cells produced by the imbalanced hormones regulating the blood sugar level called insulin. Sedentary lifestyle, junk food, lack of exercise, obesity, diabetics and polycystic ovary syndrome are the causes of Acanthosis Nigricans.

These dark parches are often mistaken as dirt accumulation. Irrespective of regular cleaning and scrubbing, these patches won’t fade away. Doctor consultation is a must to treat this condition. Proper medication along with healthy food and lifestyle changes can help to overcome the condition.