February 20, 2019

How to get rid of Ringworm

Ringworm, a fungal infection of the skin, develops as an itchy, red rash on the affected areas. A ringworm rash is uncomfortable, but it is common and can be treated. Early intervention is important in order to prevent the further spreading of infection.

Antifungal creams and medications:
Once you observe the symptoms of ringworm, consult the doctor immediately. Medications such as miconazole, clotrimazole, and terbinafine are found effective in treating ringworm. Clean the rash and apply a thin layer of antifungal medication to the affected area, as directed by the doctor. Allow the medication to absorb into your skin.

Wear breathable layers:
People think that keeping the ringworm covered with a bandage prevents the spreading of infection. However, bandaging the rash locks in moisture, slowing down the healing process. Wear comfortable clothes in breathable layers to speed the healing process.

If ringworm develops on your feet or groin area, keep the areas dry before putting on a new pair of underwear or socks. If you are someone who sweats a lot during the day, bathe with an antifungal cleansing bar and then apply the topical antifungal powder or cream. Remember, go for medications that are prescribed by the doctor.

Wash the bedding daily:
Ringworm is highly contagious. Fungal spores can transfer to your sheets and if you sleep on the same sheets night after night, the ringworm will take a long time to heal. Contaminated bedding can also infect other members of your family. So, wash your bedding and infected clothes daily to get rid of the infection faster with hot water and detergent.

Use an antifungal shampoo:
At times, ringworm develops on the scalp. The symptoms include severe itching, patches of hair loss, and severe dandruff. In such cases, wash your hair with an antifungal shampoo that is recommended by the doctor. These shampoos with antifungal active ingredients, such as ketoconazole, selenium sulfide, and pyrithione zinc kill bacteria and fungus on the scalp and stop inflammation.

Visit the doctor regularly and continue treatment until the rash disappears completely. Although ringworm is a common skin infection, don’t ignore it. Quick action is necessary to prevent the spreading of fungus and make sure to prevent further infections.

Lice are annoying and embarrass people at times. They feed on the blood drawn from the scalp. However, they are harmless and are about the size of a sesame seed.

Their tiny tan-colored eggs are called nits and are found firmly attached to the hair shaft. These nits are hatched within one to two weeks after they are laid. Nits can be easily seen and identified than live lice. The live lice survive only up to two days off of the scalp. People more commonly get head lice through head-to-head contact rather than indirectly.

Identifying head lice in children:
Lice are very common in school kids, as they get in contact with one another more often. They occur most frequently in children between the age of 3 to 12 years.

An itchy scalp is the very common symptom of head lice. However, the itching may not start immediately and may sometimes be delayed for weeks as the head lice take time to develop.

If you suspect a lice infestation in your child, check for lice and nits with a fine-tooth comb on the scalp, around the nape of the neck and behind the ears. A good comb and bright light will be of good help.

Head lice treatments:
Combing helps in getting the lice out and won’t leave out the dead nits. Lice comb that is long with the tines close together would be effective. Comb your child’s hair while you have them in the bathtub. Use a soft conditioner so that the comb can go smoothly.

Head lice treatments that contain permethrin are found effective in clearing head lice. Permethrin comes in the form of either cream or lotion. When applied on the scalp, it effectively kills the lice. Follow the instructions on the label, or consult your pharmacist/doctor for the right application uses. After the treatment, remove the nits from your child’s hair using a fine-tooth comb to prevent further infestation.

Preventing head lice:
Lice are spread mostly through head-to-head contact. Sharing personal items like a comb, hair brushes, and hats can also be a reason. If your child has lice, treat it properly to avoid repeated infestation.

Wash all bedding, towels, and clothing of your child in hot water. Place the bedding items that cannot be washed in an airtight bag for two weeks. Clean all hair-care items in warm soapy water. But don’t fret over extensive cleaning.

Remember head lice doesn’t mean your child has poor hygiene and it is nothing to be embarrassed about.

Hyperhidrosis is a condition where the person sweats profusely from the hands and underarms without an apparent reason. It can be embarrassing and disrupt their work and their involvement in social activities. Hyperhidrosis affects about millions of people around the world. Luckily, there are means to control it.

The symptoms include excessive sweating on the hands, underarms, soles of the feet, and sometimes on the face. In some cases, the sweat literally drips off their hands.

Although neurologic, endocrine, and infectious diseases can cause hyperhidrosis, most cases occur in people who are otherwise healthy. In some, heat and emotions trigger hyperhidrosis but many who suffer from hyperhidrosis sweat nearly for the whole day, regardless of their mood or the weather.

Underarm problems start in late adolescence, while palm and sole sweating often begins in earlier stages. If left untreated, these problems may continue throughout your life and result in dejection.

Your family doctor aware of your medical history might examine you to diagnose the condition and suggest you to a dermatologist.

February 7, 2019

Less Stress, More Sleep

Finding yourself tossing and turning, and unable to sleep at night? This may be due to stress hormones produced by your adrenal gland.

Stress is common, but experiencing frequent moments of stress might affect your long-term health. It will impact both your physical and mental health, stimulating fatigue, insomnia, and mood swings.

Stress hormones, such as cortisol and adrenaline, make you feel more alert while focusing on redirecting nutrients from other body parts towards internal organs in order to get you ready to respond in a potential fight or flight situation. They also affect the absorption of nutrients in your intestine and the functioning of the digestive system, resulting in constipation or diarrhoea.

If your body triggers a stress reaction releasing cortisol and adrenaline at bedtime, you’re going to find it difficult to sleep. Also, if your cortisol levels are erratic throughout the day, it exhausts your adrenal glands, which in turn cause hormonal imbalances resulting in sleep deprivation.

Sleep deprivation makes it difficult to concentrate and causes irritability and mood swings, as well as difficulty in processing emotions. If you’re finding it difficult to cope with your emotions, you will feel increasingly anxious and worried, which will trigger the release of stress hormones. This forms a cycle where stress begets sleep deprivation and sleep deprivation begets stress.

Talk to your family member or friend about your problem. It might not solve your problem but at least it gives you a chance to get it off your chest. It might even offer a new perspective to the issue, suggesting you an alternative approach.

Exercising outdoors is a great way of boosting your mood and regulating your sleep patterns. Spending time in the outdoors has a lot of health benefits too. Spending time surrounded by nature lowers your cortisol levels, making you more relaxed and calm.

Practice meditation. It improves your concentration and reduces your stress levels. It helps you to focus your full attention on your breath, allowing you to observe your own thoughts. It is easy and doesn’t have to be time-consuming.

To overcome stress and prevent it from ruining your sleep patterns, follow the above-mentioned steps for a good night’s sleep.

For a person longing for stronger strands and thicker tresses, healthy foods come as the knight in shining armour. Hair follicles are some of the most metabolically active cells with the highest cell turnover rate in the body. Restricting calories or falling short on protein, minerals, essential fatty acids, and vitamins can lead to abnormalities in hair fiber structure, production, pigmentation changes and hair loss. If you’re deficient in the nutritional building blocks like protein, your body stops producing healthy hair.

Hair growth is most productive from age 15 to 30 and may slow or change after 40. Below are a few healthy foods that are rich in the above-mentioned minerals and nutrients that help in preventing hair loss:

Nuts:
Nuts, like almonds and walnuts, are natural emollients for the hair follicles. They moisturize the hair shaft, making it look glossy. Nuts are rich in omega-3 and omega-6 essential fatty acids, helping in reducing hair loss and increasing hair growth. Nuts are also rich in vitamin B, vitamin E, and zinc. Vitamin E teams up with selenium to make the cell membranes strong and provide antioxidant defense.

Spinach:
Popeye’s favourite vegetable Spinach is also in the iron-rich camp, preventing the hair from thinning. Beyond beefing up your iron levels, spinach also contains folate, and vitamin A and vitamin C. Vitamin C is essential for collagen synthesis and cross-linking of keratin fibers which occur in fiber production of the hair.

Sweet potatoes:
Sweet potatoes served in any style, be it baked, roasted or toasted, are found to be healthy to hair as they are full of vitamin B6 and vitamin A. Vitamin A in sweet potatoes aid in sebum production and help in speeding up the hair growth rate.

Eggs:
Eggs, a great source of protein and biotin, are important for the growth of healthy hair. Biotin keeps enzymes to metabolize nutrients that nourish hair follicles. Beyond the biotin, the yolks are potent in vitamin D which is important to get via diet or supplementation since our bodies don’t produce it naturally.

Fishes:
It’s probably clear as crystal that protein is important to those who dream of healthy hair. Sudden weight loss or a poor diet low in protein, low in healthy fats can contribute to shedding and weak, unhealthy hair. Fish such as salmon, herring, tuna, and sardines offer protein, vitamin D, omega-3 fats and other hair-boosting components to nourish the skin and thicken the fat layer around the hair follicle, preventing hair loss and boosting up the hair growth.