Melasma is a skin problem which is characterized by a stubborn tan or brown, flat pigmentation on the forehead, cheeks, and occasionally the chin. It is more common in women than men, but very rare for men. It is also called “Chloasma”, or “the mask of pregnancy” as it occurs in women mostly during pregnancy.
What can cause Melasma?
The reason behind Melasma is unclear. However, Asian skin types are more prone to this condition than European skin types, as they have more melanin in their body.
It is also found that birth control pills, pregnancy, and hormone therapy can trigger Melasma.
How can melasma be diagnosed?
A visual examination of the affected area is usually enough to diagnose Melasma.
Also, one testing technique named Wood’s lamp examination is available where the doctor checks for bacterial and fungal infections and finds how many layers are affected by Melasma.
Coping with Melasma
In most cases, melasma disappears on its own when it is caused by pregnancy or birth control pills.
Also, certain creams can help you to lighten the effects.
Not all cases of melasma can be resolved with treatment, but you can take a few steps to make sure the condition doesn’t worsen and can help you to minimize the appearance of the discoloration. These include:
- using makeup to cover areas of discoloration
- carry an umbrella while going out.
- applying sunscreen every day with at least SPF 30
Most importantly, don’t let Melasma shatter your self-confidence!